# Paid work – control v

**Research question:** What kind of factors have an effect on the fact that some people don’t have a paid job?

weight by pspwght.

fre pdwrk.

RECODE pdwrk (1=0)(0=1) into pdwrk_2cat.

VARIABLE LABELS pdwrk_2cat ‘pdwrk Doing last 7 days: paid work=not doing paid work’.

VALUE LABELS pdwrk_2cat 0’doing paid work’ 1’not doing paid work’.

fre pdwrk pdwrk_2cat.

fre fltdpr.

RECODE fltdpr (1 2=0)(3 4=1) into fltdpr_2cat.

VARIABLE LABELS fltdpr_2cat ‘Felt depressed or not last week? 2cat=rather felt depressed’.

VALUE LABELS fltdpr_2cat 0’rather not felt depressed’ 1’rather felt depressed’.

fre fltdpr fltdpr_2cat.

fre hlpfmhr.

RECODE hlpfmhr (1 55=0)(2 thru 6=1) into hlpfmhr_2cat.

VARIABLE LABELS hlpfmhr_2cat ‘Hours a week looking after or helping family members, friends, neighbours or others=more than 10 hours a week’.

VALUE LABELS hlpfmhr_2cat 0’From less than 1 to 10 hours a week’ 1’more than 10 hours a week’.

fre hlpfmhr hlpfmhr_2cat.

fre eduyrs.

LOGISTIC REGRESSION pdwrk_2cat WITH fltdpr_2cat.

LOGISTIC REGRESSION pdwrk_2cat WITH fltdpr_2cat hlpfmhr_2cat.

LOGISTIC REGRESSION pdwrk_2cat fltdpr_2cat hlpfmhr_2cat eduyrs.

## Step 1

**b0**: The log odds of not having a paid job among those who rather did not feel depressed is -0,259.

**Exp(b0)**: The odds of not having a paid job among those who rather did not feel depressed are 0,772.

**b1**: The log odds of not having a paid job among those who felt depressed are by 1,088 higher among those who rather felt depressed than among those who rather not felt depressed.

**Exp(b1)**: The odds of not having a paid job among those who felt depressed are 2,969 times as high among those who rather felt depressed as among those who rather not felt depressed.

**b0+b1**: The log odds of not having a paid job among those who rather felt depressed is (-0,259+1,088).

**Exp(b0)*Exp(b1)**: The odds of not having a paid job among those who rather felt depressed are (0.722*2,969).

**Conclusion:** As you see here the b1 is significant.

## Step 2

**b0**: The log odds of not having a paid job among those who rather did not feel depressed and looked after their family members, friends, neighbors, or others for max 10 hours a week is -0,655.

**Exp(b0)**: The odds of not having a paid job among those who rather did not feel depressed and looked after their family members, friends, neighbors, or others for 10 hours a week or for less are 0,520.

**b1**: The log odds of not having a paid job among those who felt depressed everything else hold constant are by 0,907 higher among those who rather felt depressed than among those who rather not felt depressed.

**Exp(b1)**: The odds of not having a paid job among those who felt depressed everything else hold constant are 2,476 times as high among those who rather felt depressed as among those who rather not felt depressed.

**b2:** The log odds of not having a paid job among those who looked after their family members, friends, neighbours or others for more than 10 hours a week everything else hold constant is by 0,567 higher than among those who looked after their family members for 10 hours or less a week.

**Exp(b2):** The odds of not having a paid job among those who looked after their family members, friends, neighbors or others for more than 10 hours a week everything else held constant are 1,764 times as high as among those who looked after their family members for 10 hours or less a week.

Conclusion: as you see the b1 is no longer significant.

## Step 3

**b0**: The log odds of not having a paid job among those who rather did not feel depressed and looked after their family members, friends, neighbors, or others for 10 hours a week or for less and completed 0 years of full-time education is -0,184.

**Exp(b0)**: The odds of not having a paid job among those who rather did not feel depressed and looked after their family members, friends, neighbors, or others for 10 hours a week or for less and completed 0 years of full-time education are 0,832.

**b1**: The log odds of not having a paid job among those who felt depressed everything else hold constant are by 0,905 higher among those who rather felt depressed than among those who rather not felt depressed.

**Exp(b1)**: The odds of not having a paid job among those who felt depressed everything else hold constant are 2,472 times as high among those who rather felt depressed as among those who rather not felt depressed.

**b2:** The log odds of not having a paid job among those who looked after their family members, friends, neighbors, or others for more than 10 hours a week everything else hold constant is by 0,532 higher than among those who looked after their family members for 10 hours or less a week.

**Exp(b2):** The odds of not having a paid job among those who looked after their family members, friends, neighbors, or others for more than 10 hours a week everything else hold constant are 1,703 times as high as among those who looked after their family members for 10 hours or less a week.

**b3:** The log odds of not having a paid job among those who completed 1 year full-time education compared to those who completed 0 year of full-time education everything else hold constant is by 0,035 lower.

**Exp(b3):** The odds of not having a paid job among those who completed 1 year full-time education compared to those who completed 0 years of full-time education everything else hold constant are 0,966 times as low.

**Conclusion:** At the beginning in step 1 it seemed that feeling depressed influences having a paid job but in step 2 and 3 after including other variables the effect of the original variable(b1) is no longer significant. The other variables neither have significant effects so for now we cannot conclude anything for our research question. We haven’t yet found the factors which may have an effect on having a paid job.